2024 Indo-Pacific Elections

This year is set to be one of democracy’s defining moments.

Dubbed ‘the year of elections’, nearly half of the world’s population will be eligible to vote in an election in 2024, with over 4 billion voters across more than 40 countries set to cast their ballots.

The Indo-Pacific is home to some of the most significant and influential of these elections: India, Indonesia, Taiwan and, of course, the United States. In the Indo-Pacific alone, hundreds of millions of people will shape the political future of the region.

This will be a testing year for democracy, for political will, and for regional stability, as voters determine the next few years of political rule.

For curated election news and analyses, see our updates below.

2024 Indo-Pacific Elections

Last updated: 4 April 2024

The outcome of the upcoming US presidential election has the power to greatly influence affairs not only domestically, but particularly within the Indo-Pacific. The complexities of America’s system make the election process difficult for outsiders to decipher and coherently understand. The Perth USAsia Centre is seeking to provide concise explanations of key dates, terms and timelines as the election progresses.


An Overview of the U.S. Election

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The US Election – One Year Out

The Perth USAsia Centre was pleased to host a roundtable discussion with Chris Socha, Staff Director at the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations.

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2020 U.S. Election: Impacts on the Indo-Pacific

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Last updated: 6 June 2024

After six weeks of voting, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi has claimed victory for his coalition. But vote counts show the Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP’s) most lacklustre result in a decade.

The BJP, who were aiming to win a supermajority with 400 seats, were awarded only 240 – losing their outright majority and relying on allies to form government.

Last updated: 23 April 2024

South Korean’s Democratic Party has won 175 of 300 seats to defeat the President’s People Power Party in the country’s general election.

The result is a decisive blow to President Yoon’s administration, which has been dwindling in popularity due to the cost of living crisis and a string of political scandals.

Last updated: 6 June 2024

Ahead of its regional elections in November, Indonesia’s top court has revised the minimum age requirement for candidates. The revision requires candidates to be aged at least 30 at the time of inauguration rather than during their electoral bid.

The decision comes as outgoing President Widodo’s 29-year-old son Kaesang Pangarep seeks to run for deputy governor of Jakarta, and follows similar controversy linked to Widodo’s older son last year.


Young Voters and the Future of Democracy Post-2024 Indonesian Elections

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Explainer: How do Indonesia’s elections work?

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Indonesia votes – how it works and who is running

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Last updated: 19 February 2024

After failing to win a majority, the army-backed Muslim League-Nawaz will join with the Pakistan People’s Party to form government.

Former Prime Minister Imran Khan’s party, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, won the most seats – though still a minority – even after Khan’s sentencing, military intervention on polling day, and the suspension of mobile services to keep voter turnout low.

Last updated: 6 June 2024

Lai Ching-te has been inaugurated as Taiwan’s new president. He has pledged to neither “yield [to] nor provoke” Beijing, and urged China to stop its intimidation of Taiwan.

Lacking a legislative majority, Lai’s presidency has already been marked by protests and parliament brawls over a controversial legislative package, pushed by the opposition.

Last updated: 1 February 2024

Former People’s Democratic Party Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay will return to power after his party won 30 of Bhutan’s 47 national assembly seats in the country’s January 9 election.

This is Bhutan’s fourth democratic election following its transition from a monarchy just 15 years ago.

Last updated: 1 February 2024

Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s Awami League has claimed 222 of 300 parliamentary seats after the main opposition, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), boycotted the vote.

A government crackdown on BNP members saw thousands imprisoned before the vote.

Election authorities have reported voter turnout at just 40 per cent, but the real figure is likely to be less.

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