1 BP (2020), BP Energy Outlook 2020 Edition.
2 Net Zero Tracker (2022), https://zerotracker.net/
3 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (2016), The Paris Agreement.
4 IPCC (2022), Climate Change 2022: Mitigation of Climate Change, Contribution of Working Group III to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, April.
5 International Energy Agency (2021), Net Zero by 2050: A Roadmap for the Global Energy Sector, May.
6 See World Economic Forum (2019), The Speed of the Energy Transition: Gradual or Rapid Change, September.
7 BP (2020), BP Energy Outlook 2020 Edition.
8 BP (2021), BP Statistical Review of World Energy 70th Edition.
9 Silja Klepp and Christiane Fršhlich, eds. (2020), 'Migration and Conflict in a Global Warming Era: A Political Understanding of Climate Change', MDPI.
10 International Renewable Energy Agency (2021), Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2020, June.
11 Dan Tong et al. (2021), 'Geophysical constraints on the reliability of solar and wind power Worldwide', Nature Communications, Volume 12
12 Shruti Menon (2022), 'Ukraine crisis: Why is India buying Russian oil?', BBC, 10 June, https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-60783874
13 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2022), Working Group II Sixth Assessment Report.
14 International Energy Agency (2021), The Role of Critical Minerals in Clean Energy Transitions, May.
15 Jeffrey Wilson (2019), Critical minerals for the 21st century Indo-Pacific, Perth USAsia Centre, May.
16 James Bowen (2021), Fuelling cooperation: The Indo-Pacific hydrogen transformation, Perth USAsia Centre, August.
17 Jonathan Woetzel et al. (2020), Climate risk and response in Asia, McKinsey Global Institute.
18 Alexandra Devlin and Aidong Yang (2022), 'Regional supply chains for decarbonising steel: Energy efficiency and green premium mitigation', Energy Conversion and Management, Volume 254
19 IPCC (2022), Climate Change 2022: Mitigation of Climate Change, Contribution of Working Group III to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
20 Jane Nakano (2022), 'China Unveils its First Hydrogen Plan', CSIS, 28 March, https://www.csis.org/analysis/china-unveils-its-first-long-term-hydrogen-plan
21 Edmund Downie and Kensuke Yamaguchi (2021), 'Partnerships and Paris: A new strategy for a global grid', China Dialogue, 2 December, https://chinadialogue.net/en/energy/partnerships-and-paris-a-new-strategy-for-a-global-grid/
22 International Energy Agency (2021), Global Hydrogen Review 2021, October.
23 BP (2021), BP Statistical Review of World Energy 70th Edition.
24 Clemens Dabelstein et al. (2020), Winning the Chinese BEV market: How leading international OEMs compete, McKinsey & Company, 4 May.
25 Jeffrey Wilson (2021), A Quad partnership to secure battery value chains, National Security College, Australian National University, August.
26 Alex Whitworth et al. (2022), Power Play: How China's boom year is changing the path of the energy transition, Wood Mackenzie, February,.
27 International Energy Agency (2021), Global Hydrogen Review 2021.
28 Anne Myers Jaffe (2018), 'Green Giant: Renewable Energy and Chinese Power', Foreign Affairs, March/April.
29 Dmitri De Boer et al. (2022), 'China's Government Clarifies its Vision for a Green Belt and Road Initiative,' China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development, 31 March.
30 Henry Wu (2021), 'The United States Can't Afford the Brutal Price of Chinese Solar Panels', Foreign Policy, 14 July.
31 Jeffrey Wilson (2021), 'Adapting Australia to an era of geoeconomic competition', Perth USAsia Centre, January.
32 The White House (2022), 'A Proclamation to Continue Facilitating Positive Adjustment to Competition From Imports of Certain Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaic Cells (Whether or Not Partially or Fully Assembled Into Other Products)', 4 February.
33 Jeff Mason (2022), 'Biden waives solar panel tariffs for four countries, invokes defense law', Reuters, 7 June.
34 Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (2022), 'Australia-India ECTA benefits for the Australian critical minerals and resources sectors', April.
35 Matthew Cranston (2022), 'US agrees to fund Australian critical minerals projects', Australian Financial Review, 31 March.
36 Jeffrey Wilson (2019), Critical minerals for the 21st century Indo-Pacific.
37 Yonhap (2022), 'S. Korea, Indonesia Agree to Cooperate in Supply Chains of Minerals, Electric Cars', Yonhap, 22 February.
38 Cecilia Keating (2022), 'LG Energy Solutions leads $9 billion push to create mines-to-manufacturing battery supply chain', Business Green, 21 April.
39 Narendra Shiradkara, RajeewaAryaab, AditiChaubal et al. (2022), 'Recent developments in solar manufacturing in India', Solar Compass, Volume 1, 22 August.
40 U.S. International Development Finance Corporation, 'DFC Announces Approval to Provide up to $500 Million of Debt Financing for First Solar's Vertically-Integrated Thin Film Solar Manufacturing Facility in India', 7 December.
41 James Bowen (2021), Fuelling cooperation: The Indo-Pacific hydrogen transformation.
43 Sanjeev Ahluwalia (2022), 'India's Green Hydrogen Policy: Tentative Beginnings', Observer Research Foundation, 23 February.
44 SunCable Australia-Asia PowerLink (2022), https://aapowerlink.sg/
45 Divya Karyza (2022), 'Indonesia, Singapore prepare rules for solar power export', The Jakarta Post, 23 February.
46 Thang Nam Do and Paul J. Burke (2022), 'Is ASEAN ready to move to multilateral cross-border electricity trade?' Asia-Pacific Viewpoint, 9 May.
47 The White House (2022), 'Fact Sheet: Biden-?Harris Administration Advances Cleaner Industrial Sector to Reduce Emissions and Reinvigorate American Manufacturing', 15 February.
48 Ministry of Foreign Affairs Japan (2021), 'U.S.-Japan Competitiveness and Resilience (CoRe) Partnership', April.
49 Prime Minister of Australia (2021), 'Media Statement: The Australia-Republic of Korea Low and Zero Emissions Technology Partnership', November.
50 The White House (2021), 'Fact Sheet: The United States and European Union To Negotiate World's First Carbon-Based Sectoral Arrangement on Steel and Aluminum Trade', 31 October.
51 Prime Minister of Australia (2022), 'Media Statement: Quad Joint Leaders' Statement', 24 May.
53 Jane Nakano (2021), The Geopolitics of Critical Minerals Supply Chains, CSIS, March.
54 See, for example, Jeffrey D. Sachs and Andrew M. Warner (1995), 'Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth', National Bureau of Economic Research, working paper 5398, December.
55 Cullen S. Hendrix (2022), 'Shift to Renewable Energy Could Be a Mixed Blessing for Mineral Exporters', January.
56 Si‰n Bradley (2020), Transparency in Transition: Climate Change, Energy Transition and the EITI, Chatham House, June.
57 World Bank, 'Oil rents (% of GDP)' and 'Natural gas rents (% of GDP)' for Timor-Leste, Papua New Guinea and Brunei Darussalam, https://data.worldbank.org/
58 See Fani Sakellariadou et al. (2020) 'Seabed mining and blue growth: exploring the potential of marine mineral deposits as a sustainable source of rare earth elements', Pure and Applied Chemistry, Volume 94, Issue 3
59 U.S. Department of State (2022), 'Clean EDGE Asia - Enhancing Development and Growth through Energy', https://www.state.gov/clean-edge-asia/
60 U.S. Department of State (2020), 'Japan-U.S. Joint Ministerial Statement on Japan-U.S.-Mekong Power Partnership (JUMPP)', 8 September.
61 International Solar Alliance (2022), 'About ISA', https://isolaralliance.org/about/background
62 See IEA (2022), Renewable Energy Market Update, May.
63 BP (2021), BP Statistical Review of World Energy 70th Edition.
64 ABC News (2022), 'Read incoming prime minister Anthony Albanese's full speech after Labor wins federal election', 21 May.
65 Rhiana Whitson (2022), 'Australia's gas crisis is worse than you might think. Industries warn thousands could lose their jobs and consumers will pay more', ABC News, 3 June.
66 Christian Downie (2022), 'When the tank's empty: Australia's impoverished energy security', The Lowy Interpreter, 27 April.
67 Geoscience Australia (2020), 'World Rankings', https://www.ga.gov.au/digital-publication/aimr2020/world-rankings
68 Jeffrey Wilson (2019), The governance of battery chains: Security, sustainability and Australian policy options', Future Batteries Industry Cooperative Research Centre.
69 Australian Minister for Trade (2022), 'Transforming Australia's Critical Minerals Sector', 4 April.
70 Fortescue Future Industries (2022), 'Media release: Construction commences on world-leading electrolyser facility in Gladstone, Queensland', 27 February.
71 CSIRO (2022), 'HyResource', https://research.csiro.au/hyresource/projects/facilities/
72 Fortescue Metals Group (2022), 'Approach to Climate Change', https://www.fmgl.com.au/workingresponsibly/climate-change-and-energy
73 Australian Renewable Energy Agency (2021), 'Renewable hydrogen could reduce emissions in alumina refining'.
74 Beyond Zero Emissions (2021), Export Powerhouse: Australia's $333 billion export opportunity, September.
75 Jonathan Kemp et al. (2021), 'Towards Net Zero: Implications for Australia of Energy Policies in East Asia', Reserve Bank of Australia, 16 September.
76 Andrew Tillett (2021), 'Australia foiled in bid to continue financing coal-fired power', Australian Financial Review, 4 November.
77 Climate Home News (2019), 'Australia stops payments to Green Climate Funds', 2 April.
78 The White House (2021), 'US International Climate Finance Plan', 21 April.
79 Australian Government (2022), Australian Infrastructure Financing Facility for the Pacific, https://www.aiffp.gov.au/investments
80 Asian Development Bank (2021), 'Energy Transition Mechanism Explainer: How ETM Will Support Climate Action in Southeast Asia', 3 November.
81 G20 Indonesia (2022), https://g20.org/
82 Jan Burck, Thea Uhlich, Christoph Bals et al. (2022), 'Climate Change Performance Index', https://ccpi.org/wp-content/uploads/CCPI-2022-Results_neu.pdf
83 See Wesley Morgan (2022), 'Ripple effect: The cost of our Pacific neglect', Australian Foreign Affairs, Volume 12, February.
84 See Wesley Morgan and Tim Baxter (2022), 'Letting the Team Down? Considering Australia's Approach to Climate Policy after Glasgow', Georgetown Journal of International Affairs (online), 10 January.
85 The White House (2022), 'Indo-Pacific Strategy of the United States', February.
86 Australian Minister for Industry, Energy and Emissions Reduction (2021), 'Japan-Australia partnership on decarbonisation through technology', 13 June; Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources (2021); 'Australia and Singapore set focus for low emissions cooperation in 2022', 9 November; Australian Minister for Industry, Energy and Emissions Reduction (2021), 'Australia and Germany partner on hydrogen initiatives', 13 June; Australian Minister for Industry, Energy and Emissions Reduction (2021), 'Australia-UK partnership to drive low emissions solutions', 29 July; Prime Minister of Australia (2021), 'The Australia-Republic of Korea Low and Zero Emissions Technology Partnership'; 86 Australian Minister for Industry, Energy and Emissions Reduction (2022), 'Australia enters into sixth bilateral low emissions technology partnership', 15 February.
87 Royce Kurmelovs et al. (2022), 'World leaders respond to Anthony Albanese's Australian election victory', The Guardian, 22 May.