Indonesia Crucial to WA’s Future Prosperity

05 Mar 2019
Indonesia Crucial to WA’s Future Prosperity
Two essential pillars underpin Australia’s prosperity: we are a great trading nation and an attractive place for foreign investment.

Since the 1950’s, our trade has expanded from wheat, wool and gold to include iron ore, LNG, high tech manufactures and world class services.

Our export markets now extend beyond the UK and Europe to Asia, in particular China, Japan and Korea.

Foreign investment has also shifted beyond the UK. Our top ten list now includes the US, Japan, China and Singapore.

As WA Treasurer Ben Wyatt pointed out in an erudite presentation to a Perth business breakfast last week, these shifts have coincided with the global economic centre of gravity moving towards Australia.

Between now and 2050, that global centre will inexorably move south and west, even closer to Australia. And most importantly, to Australia’s trade and investment powerhouse, Western Australia.
This movement will be caused by India and Indonesia.

By 2050, most predictions see China, India, the US and Indonesia as the top four economies. These same predictions see Australia, now a top fifteen economy, struggle to remain in the top thirty!
To ensure our prosperity does not suffer, we must grow our trade and investment with India and Indonesia. Success with only two out of the top four will not be enough.   

Over the decades, Australia has worked to grow our Indonesian relationship, with success on the political and security front.  Now is the time to build the economic side of the relationship.  

That is why the signing today of a free trade agreement between Indonesia and Australia, the Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement, is so important.

It is a platform to build with Indonesia trade and investment ties on a par with the U.S. and China. 
On any measure, our economic relationship with Indonesia - our nearest northern neighbour – is massively under developed.  

Irrespective of the fine detail, over which there may be some disagreement, the signing opens the door for Australia to take up the challenge of building a fundamentally improved economic relationship with Indonesia.

Early indications are that there should be positives in it for Australian farmers, our Universities and our service providers.

But we must understand the ball is in our court.

If we don’t make the effort now, why would Indonesia be interested in Australia when it is the fourth largest economy in the world?

One immediate step the Commonwealth could take would be to commission a major economic study on Indonesian opportunities for Australian business.

To its credit, the Turnbull Government did such a study on the Indian economy, headed by former DFAT Secretary Peter Varghese.

Not only did this provide a roadmap of opportunities for Australian business, it sent a strategic signal to India that we are serious about growing an economic relationship.

We should do exactly the same for Australian business on Indonesia.

The time has come for Australian business to stop its first response to Indonesia being “it is all too hard”, as if somehow creating resources industries in the remote North West for export to Japan and China where somehow easy!

WA has a great opportunity. We have advantages and prior State efforts we can add to. We have direct flights to Jakarta, and time zone, flight time and proximity advantages over other Australian States.

Our Sister State relationship with East Java, centred on Indonesia’s second largest economic centre Surabaya, is into its second quarter century. Our State presence in Indonesia was praised in the 1990’s as ground breaking. The State Government is developing an Asian Engagement Strategy and has a dedicated Minister in that portfolio.

WA has individual success stories which we can learn from. The CBH-Indofood partnership to make noodles in Indonesia helps make Australia one of the largest wheat exporters to Indonesia. Simply Stainless designs commercial kitchens in Osborne Park, manufactures with Indonesian partners in Surabaya and then exports to the world.

If we can get Indonesia right, we bring another world leading economy into our trade and investment network. If we don’t, we risk WA’s and Australia’s prosperity diminishing for future generations.

This article was originally published in The West Australian on 4th March 2019.


Professor Stephen Smith
Professor Stephen Smith
Former Minister for Defence and Minister for Foreign Affairs
Professor Stephen Smith has been a Professor of Public International Law at the University of Western Australia since 2014.
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